alcohol, coffee; Omicron BA.2;LNY or CNY;戰爭的隱喻;香港疫情危機; truckers and delivery; China's nationalistic cancel culture;radfem筆記;性別平等,階級;運動員性別;2021年性別事件觀察; Magpies help; Happiness helps work; 平權法案;曹雨;審查; West's diplomacy with Russia fail;豐縣;女性覺醒不可逆; LGBT Identification in U.S.;孤軍奮戰嘅作家……

The impact of alcohol consumption on cardiovascular health - World Heart Federation
GENEVA (20 January 2022) – In a new policy brief, the World Heart Federation (WHF) is challenging the widespread notion that drinking moderate amounts of alcohol can decrease the risk of heart disease, and calling for urgent and decisive action to tackle the unprecedented rise in alcohol-related dea…
Scientists identify how caffeine reduces bad cholesterol
Your morning vice might not be that guilty a pleasure after all: coffee seems to have a range of health benefits, but exactly how it affects the body to produce these results remains unknown. A new study has identified specific proteins that caffeine works on, which help the liver remove bad…

傳統soft sell環節hhh:少飲酒,多飲咖啡

The evidence is clear: any level of alcohol consumption can lead to loss of healthy life. Studies have shown that even small amounts of alcohol can increase a person’s risk of cardiovascular disease, including coronary disease, stroke, heart failure, hypertensive heart disease, cardiomyopathy, atrial fibrillation, and aneurysm. Studies that claim alcohol can offer protection against cardiovascular disease are largely based on purely observational research, which fails to account for other factors, such as pre-existing conditions and a history of alcoholism in those considered to be “abstinent”. To date, no reliable correlation has been found between moderate alcohol consumption and a lower risk of heart disease.
^^^well, "any level of"...噉真係唔可以當水嚟平日飲,儘量都係啱feel嘅時間同場合先飲

A new study has identified specific proteins that caffeine works on, which help the liver remove bad cholesterol from the bloodstream and protect against cardiovascular disease.

Of course, it’s not as simple as guzzling coffee to stave off heart disease. Mixing it with cream or sugar (or a donut on the side) may cancel out any positive health effects – and that’s especially true if your caffeine delivery method of choice is soft drinks or energy drinks. Too much caffeine can also be a bad thing, and scientists aren't yet settled on how much is too much. All up, if improving your heart health is the goal, there are probably far more direct methods you could take.

Virological characteristics of SARS-CoV-2 BA.2 variant
Soon after the emergence and global spread of a new severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) Omicron lineage, BA.1 (ref[1][1], [2][2]), another Omicron lineage, BA.2, has initiated outcompeting BA.1. Statistical analysis shows that the effective reproduction number of BA.2 is 1.4…
Neutralization of SARS-CoV-2 Omicron BA.2 by Therapeutic Monoclonal Antibodies
Monoclonal antibody therapy for the treatment of SARS-CoV-2 infection has been highly successful in decreasing disease severity; however, the recent emergence of the heavily mutated Omicron variant has posed a challenge to this treatment strategy. The Omicron variant BA.1 has been found to evade neu…

oh no...





Lunar New Year vs. Chinese New Year,我們過的是同一個農曆新年嗎?
在New Year前面該用Lunar還是Chinese,成為台灣網民的應節爭論。虎年第一道二選一難題,比想像中還要複雜。


換言之,「Chinese New Year」確實是「Lunar New Year」的其中一種,但「Lunar New Year」能褪去國族色彩,將韓、越等地的農曆新年也涵括進來,解決歷史上「東亞/漢字文化圈」和今日國界並不重合的問題。
^^^用法嚟講,如果面向嘅只係中國華人慶祝嘅話,用邊個都得;但如果包括其他東亞國家嘅話,用Lunar New Year會好啲

只係而家會多咗政治因素喺入邊,就好無語,搞到好似用LNY就辱華噉,quite amazing,過個節啫,開開心心就係了,搞咁多嘢唔知做乜


COVID-19 and the metaphor of war  Professor David Isaacs, Ms Anne Priesz



“Use of the war metaphor in medicine has been criticised as being ‘ironic, unfortunate, and unnecessary’. Ironic because a primary aim of medicine is to save lives, while the aim of war is to take lives. Unfortunate because military metaphors can inadvertently stigmatise patients, and can endorse the legitimacy of war and of social and political violence. Unnecessary because positive alternatives, such as talk of the journey or the cure, are available but under-used.”

紐約時報|香港面臨新疫情危機:無法與病毒共存,也無法「清零」|王月眉, 王霜舟|2022年2月17日



Why Trucking Can’t Deliver the Goods
The yearly turnover rate among long-haul truckers is 94 percent. And you wonder why you’re not getting your orders on time?

Perhaps one-fifth of port truckers actually are independent contractors; nearly everyone else is, like Alvarez, misclassified as independents. Over the past decade, dozens of lawsuits from misclassified drivers have resulted in judgments affirming that they’ve been misclassified and awarding them compensation from the companies that misclassified them. XPO recently paid a $30 million fine to a large number of its drivers. But neither XPO nor any of the other fined companies have stopped misclassification. It’s cheaper for them to pay a fine than to pay their drivers a living wage.
Not surprisingly, given the long waits and meager rewards, a lot of drivers have simply stopped showing up.


The Motor Carrier Act of 1980 changed all that, scrapping the rules of the 1935 act so that startups, charging far less than the pre-1980 rates and paying their drivers far less as well, flooded the market. Facing that competition, established companies dropped their rates and pay scales, too. By 1998, drivers were making between 30 percent and 40 percent less than their pre-1980 predecessors had made. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics, following the steep decline in wages in the decades after the 1980 deregulation, trucker income has flatlined for the past 20 years. The median income of long-haul truckers who are employees was roughly $53,000 in 2018; for contractors, it was $45,000—though drivers in both groups had to put in many more than 40 hours per week to reach these totals.

The combination of fewer drivers and more goods to be moved has slowed delivery times on the interstates no less than on the port-to-warehouse runs.

In the largest sense, the story of the progression from the 1935 act to the 1980 act is a story of the decentering of workers from liberalism’s concerns.

BY 1980, NOT ONLY had the 1930s specter of deflation all but vanished from American memory, but the very real specter of inflation stalked the land. The spike in prices came chiefly from the oil shock of Middle Eastern nations raising the cost of their universally needed commodity.

But the deeper causes of these deregulatory drives lay in the changes to the nation’s political economy. Popular revulsion at the Watergate scandal, paradoxically, pushed Democrats to the right.

The new breed of Democrats—personified by such figures as Gary Hart, Paul Tsongas, Jerry Brown, and President Carter himself—had no particular affinity for organized labor. Most of the Watergate babies represented districts with insubstantial union membership.

And if there was one union that the New Dems found especially repulsive, it was the Teamsters, widely known for its occasional violent tactics, its links to the Mafia, and, at the level of presidential politics, its support for Republicans.

Two other transformations boded ill for labor generally and the Teamsters in particular. First, the rise in inflation undercut the claims of government’s ability to manage the economy, and with it, the hold that Keynesian economics, with its de facto emphasis on boosting employment and worker interests, had on the economics profession. Regulation came to be seen as a driver of inflation. Second, with mainstream labor largely abandoning any efforts to organize the unorganized (disproportionately women, people of color, and the poor) and opposing many of the initiatives of feminists and civil rights activists, much of the left had come to view labor as a part of the corporate establishment.


Ultimately, what doomed trucking as a decent occupation was more than the self-marginalization of the Teamsters, the estrangement of Democrats and progressives from labor, the increasing clout of business and declining clout of unions, and even the supplanting of the post–New Deal social order by a crueler neoliberalism. It was that in 1980, after 35 years of the postwar broadly shared prosperity that the New Deal had created, few if any could imagine that American workers were on the verge of becoming downwardly mobile.

But even if the NLRB is able to transform the gig economy portion of the transportation industry into a more rewarding, stable, and efficient employer-employee model, and if (a big if) the courts uphold such transformations, that still would leave the greater part of the industry—the part that’s not misclassified but is merely underpaid, overworked, and in constant and total flux—unchanged. What the drivers, and the nation that needs the goods that the drivers bring them, deserve and require is a political economy and legal superstructure that takes the rights of workers seriously.

^^^yep, the most important thing, is to provide "a political economy and legal superstructure that takes the rights of workers seriously".

China’s nationalistic cancel culture is out of control
Chinese social media became a lot more nationalist and uglier this year. And it could be even uglier in the future.


It is unclear whether these campaigns were directed by authorities or entirely organic, spontaneous movements started by grassroots nationalism. What we do know is that social media platforms, from WeChat to Weibo and from Douban to Douyin and Kuaishou, doubled down on censorship while largely leaving the ultra-nationalistic users who instigated hatred and harassment alone.

Fang believes that the Chinese government tacitly approves of and even, to a certain extent, encourages private actors’ purging of individuals and groups whose views deviate from the Party line because that helps spread censorship for free. And the political environment has encouraged both platforms and individual ultra-nationalists to turn nationalism into a lucrative business: Viral nationalistic content consistently drives traffic.

“[These campaigns] have been inconsistent, which might be an indication that it's companies, or regional governments, or lower-level directives that are shutting down the civic spaces,” Zhong told Protocol, “which is still very concerning because it cuts off the formation of certain civic communities that have been forming online in China, especially now that in-person gatherings are not happening.”

While nationalistic content drives traffic for now, after witnessing a year of raging nationalistic campaigns, fearful social media users may retreat back to private chats, Fang said.
“I think going forward, fewer Chinese social media users will voice their opinions or express their political stances online,” Fang said, adding that the social media platforms that were once seen as public squares “are only going to be uglier and more nationalistic.”

失控同恐懼之下,就係公民社會嘅日益萎縮,就係退回到網絡食人嘅世界,最後就變成大家只敢同熟人傾偈交心,「簡中網絡已死……」is happening

少女大狮仔 #radfem笔记#


名詞解釋: "radfem" is short for Radical Feminist or Radical Feminism







「實際上,各個階層的訴求在父權制的結構下也不是沒有商量的餘地。新自由主義給每一個階層的女性都提出了改良主義的方案:精英行使階級的特權、中產階級擁抱消費文化、底層回歸家庭、從事代孕等等。法國女性主義者安東瓦·富克(Antoinette Fouque)曾經評價資產階級秩序和父權制用一種局部的改良主義拉攏女性:『性別的差別不在於是否有陰莖,而在於是否是男性經濟的一部分』。父權制正在通過強勢的市場和商業思路,利用大眾女性主義樸素的公平意識,來編排一種『去政治化』的性別化話語,它往往假借女性主義的面貌出現,但它不一定是女性主義的。」


讲座回顾 · 媒体中的运动员性别表征与塑造
爱丁堡大学体育社会学领域博士生Junru Li关于「媒体中的运动员性别表征与塑造」的分享



「正如 Tuchman 1978 年发现的那样,女性在媒体叙事当中常常会遭遇到就是一个象征性的湮灭。也就是说女性在大众媒体报道中经常被边缘化被嵌入传统的性别刻板印象当中,涉及到体育媒体的报道也不例外」


尽管在大众媒体上,女性运动员和 LGBT 运动员或隐形或落入性别刻板印象的窠臼,但是随着社交媒体的出现,他们可以利用社交媒体来进行自我的表征,更多地呈现在大众的视野之下,甚至还有可能去经由她们去重塑被视为规范的性别和性身份。


重述我们的故事 | 2021年性别事件观察

^^^and好多被拐女被地方法官以「家庭為重」嘅理由拒絕佢哋想離婚嘅請求。。「『传统』与共和国之后的司法立法执法一塌糊涂的合谋吧」,so true

「为什么各国政府倾尽全力,以各种方式提振生育率,却依然无法达到预期效果?究其根本,还是在于未能解决致使生育意愿降低的根本原因。在《新京报·书评周刊》发布的《东亚各国的人口危机:年轻世代为何不愿生育 | 全球观察》一文中,作者援引上海大学社会学院教授计迎春和中国社会科学院人口与劳动经济研究所研究员郑真真的观点指出:东亚社会的低生育率有一些共同的特征,最为显性的便是强大的家族主义和父权制延续了传统的性别分工。」




Magpies outwit scientists by helping each other to remove tracking devices
When we attached tiny, backpack-like tracking devices to five Australian magpies, we didn’t expect to discover an entirely new social behaviour rarely seen in birds, writes Dominique Potvin.

interesting and moved,無私互助嘅社會,再試諗下自己生活嘅社會……sigh


高院接手哈佛案件,AA就是“我们迈不过去的坎”? - 正义补丁

The New York Times| It’s Time to End Race-Based Affirmative Action| By John McWhorter| Jan. 28, 2022| Socioeconomic class is a better justification for it.

黑人大法官为什么反对平权法案(Affirmative Action)?


激辣中國政治正確引起風波 作者曹雨親自回應







Why the West’s Diplomacy With Russia Keeps Failing
American and European leaders’ profound lack of imagination has brought the world to the brink of war.

Tragically, the Western leaders and diplomats who are right now trying to stave off a Russian invasion of Ukraine still think they live in a world where rules matter, where diplomatic protocol is useful, where polite speech is valued. All of them think that when they go to Russia, they are talking to people whose minds can be changed by argument or debate. They think the Russian elite cares about things like its “reputation.” It does not.

What we mean by “interests” and what they mean by “interests” are not the same. When they listen to our diplomats, they don’t hear anything that really threatens their position, their power, their personal fortunes.

Now we are on the brink of what could be a catastrophic conflict. American, British, and European embassies in Ukraine are evacuating; citizens have been warned to leave. But this terrible moment represents not just a failure of diplomacy; it also reflects a failure of the Western imagination, a generation-long refusal, on the part of diplomats, politicians, journalists, and intellectuals, to understand what kind of state Russia was becoming and to prepare accordingly. We have refused to see the representatives of this state for what they are. We have refused to speak to them in a way that might have mattered. Now it might be too late.

The New York Times| We Have Never Been Here Before| By Thomas L. Friedman| February 25, 2022| Putin's war has ensured the world will never be the same.

The outcome of this war will depend in large part on the will of the rest of the world to deter and roll back Putin’s blitzkrieg by primarily using economic sanctions and by arming the Ukrainians with antiaircraft and anti-tank weaponry to try to slow his advance. Putin may also be forced to consider the death toll of his own comrades.

Indeed, if you ask me what is the most dangerous aspect of today’s world, I’d say it is the fact that Putin has more unchecked power than any other Russian leader since Stalin. And Xi has more unchecked power than any other Chinese leader since Mao. But in Stalin’s day, his excesses were largely confined to Russia and the borderlands he controlled. And in Mao’s day, China was so isolated, his excesses touched only the Chinese people.
Not anymore — today’s world is resting on two simultaneous extremes: Never have the leaders of two of the three most powerful nuclear nations — Putin and Xi — had more unchecked power and never have more people from one end of the world to the other been wired together with fewer and fewer buffers. So, what those two leaders decide to do with their unchecked power will touch virtually all of us directly or indirectly.
Putin’s invasion of Ukraine is our first real taste of how crazy and unstable this kind of wired world can get. It will not be our last.







可以再耐心啲等等嘅,當覺醒嘅人數變得越來越多嘅時候,就有更大嘅力量去改變現時嘅結構,never would like to go back

LGBT Identification in U.S. Ticks Up to 7.1%
The percentage of U.S. adults who identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender has increased to 7.1%. This is driven by high LGBT self-identification, particularly as bisexual, among Generation Z adults.